LITTLE SCHOOL OF PLASTICS
WHAT IS PLASTIC?
Plastic is not ONE material but a large family of different materials, each with its own set of qualities and range of usage. Plastic is made from polymers (carbon atom molecules) and additives. 40% procent of all plastics are used in packaging.
POLYMERS CAN BE BASED ON
- Crude oil
- Castor oil
EXAMPLES OF ADDITIVES
- Fillers (chalk, glas etc.)
- Flame retardants
- UV stabilizers
- Colorants (Masterbatch)
WHAT IS BIOPLASTIC?
Like traditional fossil-based plastic, they comprise of a whole family of materials with different properties and applications. There are 2 different types of bioplastics:
BIOBASED means that the material of the product fully or in part is made up by biomass – different kinds of plants. Biomass in plastics mainly comes from corn, sugarcane or cellulose. NOTE: Biobased content = CO2 Neutral
BIODEGRADABLE product has the ability to break down relatively quickly by biological means into the raw materials of nature. Biodegradable plastic can come from fossil-based or biobased raw material. NOTE: Most biodegradable plastic need industrial compost. Industrial Compost: 50-60°C – 3 months.
RECYCLING - END OF USE
All plastics can be recycled. Unfortunately, it ’s not that simple since the different qualities of different types of plastics complicate the recycling process.
Disposable plastic bags, disposable flatware, disposable cups, disposable… well, almost anything. Things that can only be used once don’t belong in a sustainable world. At least not until we find a way to properly recycle their materials.
A CIRCULAR WORLD
It might feel hopeless seeing pictures of oceans filled with plastic waste. But there is hope! There’s a lot going on, in politics as well as the private sector.
THANK YOU ”THE KEEP SWEDEN TIDY FOUNDATION” FOR HELPING US MAKE THIS LITTLE SCHOOL OF PLASTIC
The Keep Sweden Tidy Foundation is a creator of public opinion that promotes recycling and combats litter through public awareness campaigns, awards and environmental education. The Foundation strives to influence people’s attitudes and behavior in order to encourage a sustainable development.
REFERENCE AND FOR MORE information check out: www.european-bioplastics.org